Working Hours and Overtime Payments in Qatar

Working Hours and Overtime Payments in Qatar

Working Hours and Overtime Payments in Qatar

When workers are required to work for extra time, the below guidelines are followed to make extra payments to the workers in Qatar:

Article (73) of Qatar Labor Law

The maximum ordinary working hours shall be eighty four hours per week at the rate of eight hours per day with the exception of the month of Ramadan when the maximum working hours shall be thirty six hours per month at the rate of six hours per day.

The time spent by the worker in transportation to and from the place of work and residence of the worker shall not form part of the working hours.

The working hours shall include an interval or more for prayer, rest and taking of meals which interval or intervals shall not be less than one hour and shall not be more than three hours. The said intervals shall not be taken into consideration in calculating the working hours in fixing the rest interval but the worker shall not work for more than five consecutive hours.

The Minister shall by a decision specify the types of work in respect of which the work may continue without stoppage for the purpose of rest.

Article (74) of Qatar Labor Law

The workers may be required to work additional hours to the working hours specified in the preceding article provided that the actual working hours per day shall not exceed ten hours unless the work is necessary for the prevention of gross loss or dangerous accident or for the repair or alleviation of the consequences of the said loss or accident.

The employer shall pay to the worker for the additional working hours the rate of not less than the basic wage plus not less than 25% thereof.

The workers who work between 9pm and 6am shall be paid the basic wage plus not less than 50% thereof with the exception of the shift workers.

Friday is compulsory weekly day off for employees in Qatar, however exception is given to companies required to operate on Fridays and where employees generally works on rotational shifts. The companies are required to provide alternative day off if shift workers are needed to work on Fridays.

Article (75) of Qatar Labor Law

The worker shall be allowed of a weekly paid rest which shall not be less than twenty-four consecutive hours and Friday shall be the weekly rest day for all workers with the exception of the shift workers. If the circumstances of the work necessitate the employment of the worker during the rest day the worker shall be compensated for the rest day by another day,

and shall be paid for working that day the wage payable to him for the ordinary weekly rest day or his basic wage plus an increase of not less than 150%.

With the exception of shift workers a worker shall not be required to work more than two consecutive Fridays.

In summary, when discussing working hours and overtime payments in Qatar, following things are important to remember:

      • Maximum normal working hours are 48 hours/ week divided into 8 hours/day.
      • Minimum 1 paid day off per week is obligatory, which should not be less than 24 hours.
      • Employees may be required to do overtime for which companies are obliged to pay extra payment. The companies are required to pay 25 % extra based on Basic Wage for each extra hour during normal working days. If any employee is needed to work on his/her prescribed weekly day off and/or on Public Holidays, the companies are required to pay 50 % extra based on Basic Wage for such extra hours which are done during weekly day offs or Public Holidays.
      • The employees can not be compelled to work on their weekly day offs more than 2 consecutive Fridays or weekly day offs.
      • The overtime work should not exceed 2 hours/day. Which means a working day should not exceed 10 hours limit as prescribed in Qatar Labor Law.

Understanding the Calculation of Overtime Payments in Qatar:

Suppose, an employee is a Construction Mason and his Basic Salary prescribed in Labor Contract is QAR 2000/Month. The employee has worked for all 30 days without absences. During this month the employee has also worked extra 2 hours/day for 10 days and 2 complete days (8 hours / day) on his obligatory paid weekly day offs, so his monthly wages will be calculated as below:

Basic Wage / Days in Month X   Present days of Worker during this month

To calculate Overtime payment we need to calculate hourly rate of the employee and multiply it with 1.25 so that 25 percent extra payment can be paid and with 1.5 if any employee has worked on day offs.

Calculating Normal Overtime rates

Basic wage / Month Days = Daily Rate

Daily Rate/ Normal Working Hours Per Day = Hourly Rate

Hourly Rate X 1.25 = Normal Overtime Rate

Hourly Rate X 1.5  = Holiday or Day Off Overtime Rate

Now we will put values in the above mentioned formulae :

Basic Wage:                                   (2000/30 ) x 30  Present Days          =        2000

Normal OT Payment:                       ((2000 / 30) / 8) X 1.25 X 20 Hours =         208.33

Holiday or Day Off OT Payment:      ((2000 / 30) / 8) X 1.5  X  16 Hours=         200


Total Pay check will be an amount of QR 2408.33.